Basics Of Organic Farming
The whole basic idea of organic farming is growing crops with the help of natural resources and keeping all the natural resources intact and pollution free. We are all aware that modern days agricultural methods rely heavily on synthetic fertilizers, harmful pesticides and genetic modification of plants and usage of such chemicals is causing contamination in the food we eat leading to many harmful diseases like cancer.
In organic farming we utilize methods of crop rotation, proper soil cultivation, use composed crop waste and green legumes hence the crops grown are completely healthy for consumption by humans as well as are environment friendly in the long run.
For production of healthy organic crops, it is very important to manage the quality of soil by working on improving its life, nutrient value and the whole structure. Chemical fertilizers can only help in short-term increase in nutritional value to crops but there prolonged usage results in reduced fertility levels of the soil because there is no organic matter being added to the soil but when natural organic methods are used they increase the life and fertility of soil and it has been found that organic farming can help in yielding a higher percentage of crops after 2 or 3 crops as compared to the modern methods of farming.
These days many countries are promoting organic farming in their own country as they have realized that it is the best way to feed their people over a long period of time. There are regulatory authorities like USDA which have specified certain guidelines for growing organic food.
In order to get organic food label one has to follow a certain criteria like the land should be free from any type of chemical fertilizers and pesticides for at least three years, seeds should not be genetically modified and no use of human sludge is allowed.